Solute and Solvent
Solids, Liquids, and Gases which are labeled solute are dissolved in liquids referred to as solvents.
*Under condition solvent is a liquid the difference between solute and solvent is not clear.
Concentrated Solutions: High solute per (insert unit) volume
example: Protein Shakes
Dilute Solution: Low solute per (insert unit) volume
*Trace amounts refers to extremely low concentration
Saturated Solution: When not more solute can be dissolved in a solvent
Miscible Liquids can be mixed to make a solution
*Ex. Water and Ethyl Alcohol
Immiscible Liquids cannot be mixed (for the most part) to make a solution
*Ex. Oil and Water (Oil Spills)
Molarity is the concentration of a solution, typically expressed as the number of moles per liter of solution (M).
Increase in solute raises boiling point of solvent
pH: A measure of Hydrogen concentration, determining the acidity or alkalinity of a solution.
Neutral: pH of 7
Acidic: pH of less than 7
Basic: pH of greater than 7
Strength of acids and bases:
Acid + Base conjugate base + conjugate acid
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